This article covers medications to treat PCOS that your healthcare provider will consider for you.
For more information about what Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is, you can first read the following articles:
If your doctor has diagnosed you previously with PCOS, they will then discuss with you a range of ways that you can treat PCOS.
The oral contraception pill can be used to manage PCOS. This will ensure a regular period and prevent the uterine lining becoming excessively thick.
The oral pill also provides the benefit of contraception for any women for needs this.
There are two types of pill that are specifically designed to help women with PCOS, these act against the male hormones that are present.
One of these contains a hormone called cyproterone.
These brands are often under the names:
An alternate hormone is drospirenone and can be found in the oral pill under the trade names of:
Commencing on these oral pills will lead to regular, more predictable periods, which is a great improvement, given that often women with polycystic ovaries have very irregular, and often very heavy or prolonged periods. Over several months, the pill will help to improve some of the annoying symptoms that can be quite depressing for some women.
Over 3-6 months, you will notice an improvement in skin and hair distribution.
It’s important for the lining of the uterus to shed for women with PCOS.
As mentioned, many women with PCOS don’t ovulate, this leads to a build-up in the lining of the uterus. Not only does the lining of the uterus become thick and prone to heavy bleeding, but the lining can become unhealthy and increase your risk of endometrial or uterine cancer later in life.
Being on the oral pill with an appropriate formulation for you, can prevent this risk from happening.
If you would prefer not to use the oral contraceptive pill, another option to consider is:
Medications to treat PCOS
Metformin is used to treat high blood sugar levels that are caused by a type of diabetes mellitus or sugar diabetes called type 2 diabetes.
If the pill is not being tolerated to treat thinning scalp hair, you might be prescribed a diuretic called Spironolactone.
Dermatologists will use other kinds of treatments.
PCOS and IUD
If you don’t like the oral contraceptive pills that are mentioned above you can consider a progesterone containing IUD – you may know it as Mirena or Kyleena – it keeps the periods noticeably light and the uterus in a strong healthy state, rather than the overstimulated state that tends to occur in the PCOS condition.
If you elect to use an IUD to help with PCOS instead of the oral contraceptive pill, it’s important to note that the IUDs do not have any beneficial effect on acne or hirsutism. You will need to speak to your doctor if you need additional treatment for these issues.
To discuss your PCOS medication treatment, call the rooms today to make an appointment.
This article has been written by Dr Peter England – Expert Obstetrician and Gynaecologist. Read more about Dr Peter England